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The religious "clash of cultures" built up gradually but inexorably into outbursts of violence against the perceived repression of the Habsburg Crown.These tensions led to the formation of the independent Dutch Republic, whose first leader was William the Silent (William of Orange), followed by several of his descendants and relations.
By the end of the war in 1648, large areas of the Southern Netherlands had been lost to France, which had, under the guidance of Cardinal Richelieu and Louis XIII of France, allied itself with the Dutch Republic in the 1630s against Spain.
The first phase of the conflict can be considered the Dutch War of Independence.
In 1572, however, the rebels captured Brielle and the rebellion resurged.
The northern provinces became independent, first in 1581 de facto, and in 1648 de jure.
was the revolt of the northern, largely Protestant Seven Provinces of the Low Countries against the rule of the Roman Catholic Habsburg King Philip II of Spain, hereditary ruler of the provinces.
The northern provinces (Netherlands) eventually separated from the southern provinces (present-day Belgium and Luxembourg), which continued under Habsburg Spain until 1714.
In 1519, Charles became ruler of the Habsburg empire, and he gained the title Holy Roman Emperor in 1530.
Although Friesland and Guelders offered prolonged resistance (under Grutte Pier and Charles of Egmond, respectively), virtually all of the Netherlands had been incorporated into the Habsburg domains by the early 1540s.
During the revolt, the United Provinces of the Netherlands, better known as the Dutch Republic, rapidly grew to become a world power through its merchant shipping and experienced a period of economic, scientific, and cultural growth.
The Southern Netherlands (situated in modern-day: southern Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and northern France) remained under Spanish rule.
Although Burgundy itself had been lost to France in 1477, the Burgundian Netherlands were still intact when Charles of Habsburg, heir to the Burgundian lands via his grandmother Mary, was born in Ghent in 1500.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating